The World Health Organization (WHO) and The International Labour Organization (ILO) have published a new guide for development and implementation of stronger occupational health and safety programs for health workers.
“Even before the COVID-19 pandemic, the health sector was among the most hazardous sectors to work in,” said Dr Maria Neira, Director, Department of Environment, Climate Change and Health, WHO.
The pandemic has taken an additional heavy toll on health workers and demonstrated a dangerous neglect of their health, safety and wellbeing.
Health workers suffered from infections, musculoskeletal disorders and injuries, workplace violence and harassment, burnout, and allergies from the poor working environment, Neira said.
Only a few healthcare facilities had programs in place for managing health and safety at work. More than one-in-three health facilities lacked hygiene stations at the point of care. Fewer than one in six countries had in place a national policy on a healthy and safe working environment in the health sector.
“COVID-19 has exposed the cost of this systemic lack of safeguards for the health, safety and wellbeing of health workers. In the first 18 months of the pandemic, about 115,500 health workers died from COVID-19,” said James Campbell, Director WHO Health Workforce Department.
“Sickness absence and exhaustion exacerbated pre-existing shortages of health workers and undermined the capacities of health systems to respond to the increased demand for care and prevention during the crisis,” he said.
“This guide provides recommendations on how to learn from this experience and better protect our health workers.”
WHO and ILO recommend developing and implementing sustainable programs for managing occupational health and safety for health workers at national, sub-national and health facility levels. Such programs should cover all occupational hazards — infectious, ergonomic, physical, chemical and psycho-social.
The guide outlines the roles that governments, employers, workers and occupational health services should play in promoting and protecting the health, safety, and wellbeing of health workers. It emphasises that continuous investment, training, monitoring and collaboration are essential for sustaining progress in implementing the programs.
“Effective mechanisms should be put in place to ensure continuous collaboration between employers, managers and health workers, with the aim of protecting health and safety at work” said Alette van Leur, Director, ILO Sectoral Policies Department.
“Health workers, like all other workers, should enjoy their right to decent work, safe and healthy working environments and social protection for health care, sickness absence and occupational diseases and injuries.”
Countries that have developed and are actively implementing occupational health and safety programs for health workers have experienced reductions in work-related injuries and diseases and sickness absence, as well as improvements in the work environment, work productivity and retention of health workers, according to WHO.
Original content from Hospitals and Healthcare. Note: Content has been edited for style and length.
Nina Alvarez is a Content Producer for Healthcare Channel. Her interests include writing, particularly about the healthcare sector and the many ways it can improve to further benefit people from all walks of life.